From the Encyclopedia Britannica, 1963 edition, vol. 16, p.119; "a town and episcopal see of the province of Terni, region of Umbria, Italy...picturesquely situated on a lofty rock (787 ft.)...taken by the Romans in 299 B.C....According to some author, the emperor Nerva was born at Narnia. The town played a considerable part in military history. In the middle ages Narni was under papal power..." It is also the geographic center of Italy.
A writer at factmonster.com says: "Narnia" was in fact the name of an ancient Roman colony in central Italy, named for the river Nar (now Nera). It has been said that Lewis discovered the name in an atlas as a child, though he may also have come across mention of the city in his university studies. By chance, the modern-day town of Narni (as it is now known) honors a local saint known as "Blessed Lucy of Narnia." Today the town's Cathedral of Narnia adjoins a shrine to this St. Lucy. [Read it.]
There's almost too much coincidence here to believe it was all a grand accident, especially considering Lewis' advanced scholarship (by today's standards).
Interestingly, the name Pevensie possibly comes from Pevensey Castle in the south of England which was built by Romans also. (6 for links)
Add to this the fact that Narnia is not a "make believe" place somewhere in Lewis' imagination, but an actual town that existed in Italy (later called Narni), and you can see that Lewis may have been writing about esoteric things that he believed to be true. Strangely enough, the Priory of Sion lie is said to have resurfaced during the Middle Ages in Calabria, Italy; and then moved to France! (5) (The existence of a Narnia as a real place on earth may account for Lewis' use of the expression "What on earth..." in the Chronicles thus placing all this fantastic story line soundly on our planet. This then makes sense to those in witchcraft and paganism who believe the myths and idolatry from which he gleaned his plots, characters, etc. It is the doctrine of an invisible reality that can only be reached through magical means.) [Photo: A tower in Narni, Italy.]
Remember that these books are passed off as being an allegory of God's truth. In the first place, if this is so, then what is Lewis ashamed of that he must hide it so carefully in allegorical terminology? Romans 1:16 For I am not ashamed of the gospel of Christ: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth; to the Jew first, and also to the Greek. And again, Romans 9:33 As it is written, Behold, I lay in Sion a stumblingstone and rock of offence: and whosoever believeth on him shall not be ashamed. If C.S. Lewis really believed on the Lord Jesus Christ (and there is good reason to believe he did not), then why was he so ashamed of the gospel?
As we study the Chronicles of Narnia, the dark and ugly truth will come to light. We will find that the symbolism that he used and things he included in the stories are extremely blasphemous. In the end he is casting the truth of God as the fulfillment of paganism and witchcraft. (Remember the quotes on Christ fulfilling paganism in his theology!)
This seems like as good a place as any to dig in and see what we can find as we go:
Next, we find that C. S. Lewis put profanity and blaspheming of God's name in his book. While this it most common in his Space Trilogy, it also appears in the Narnia books which are for children. Using profanity and swearing for "realism" is out of line to begin with, and especially so in books for kids! Exodus 20:7 Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain. There are no exceptions made here for making fiction "realistic." In fact, the Bible itself gives us an example of how this is to be handled even in a true account. Matthew 26:72 And again he denied with an oath, I do not know the man. 73 And after a while came unto him they that stood by, and said to Peter, Surely thou also art one of them; for thy speech bewrayeth thee. 74 Then began he to curse and to swear, saying, I know not the man. And immediately the cock crew.
The Silver Chair
-- "dam" p.4
The Magician's Nephew -- "Gawd", "dem" three times. ("Dam" and "dem" stand for "damn." "Gawd" is "God.")
The word "ass" appears in 4 of the books. Being British, it did not mean the same to him as it does to Americans (as a swear word), but he could have left it out, especially since he only used it four times and did use "donkey" in other places. However, considering the filthy state of his mind, it is possible that he thought this cute. Certainly, he could have had it editted out when he realized the books were going to sold in America as well.
Added to this, in these Narnia books we find the "good guys" swearing by Aslan. Now, IF Aslan is really a picture of Christ, as some would assure us, then would it not follow that swearing by his name is blasphemy? When the Narnians swear "by the mane of Aslan" or "by the Lion's mane" would it not equal swearing by the Jesus' whiskers (commonly shortened to "jeewhiz") if Aslan is really a picture of Christ? And wouldn't it follow that "by Aslan" would equal "by God" and "what in the name of Aslan" would equal "what in God's name" if these people's claims are accurate? Why would Lewis be so careless? It certainly does not fit the picture of a "good, godly Christian" as he was supposed to be!
On p. 191 of The Horse and His Boy, Aravis says to the horse Bree, "Why do you keep on swearing by the Lion and by the Lion's Mane? I thought you hated lions." To this Lewis has Bree reply, "so I do, but when I speak of the Lion, of course I mean Aslan. All Narnians swear by him." [emphasis added]
Here we turn our attention to the darker and esoteric meanings of the Chronicles of Narnia. As we progress with this study it will become clear that C. S. Lewis was not glorifying the Lord Jesus Christ with these stories, but rather was putting forth sun worship and other pagan idolatry and witchcraft by using hidden meanings and symbolism. Since he professed to believe that Christ was the fulfillment of paganism ("...as I believe, Christ,...fulfills both Paganism and Judaism..."; p. 129; Reflections on the Psalms) it is not surprising that there are things in these books that would lead one to think that Lewis was writing an allegory of Christianity; but, when his terminology, characters, and such are examined closely it becomes apparent that he had something else on his mind.
Remember, his good friend, Charles Williams, was a member of the "Order of the Golden Dawn." This group is to have been originally composed of two groups -- some professing Christianity, and some who had left Madam Blavatsky's Theosophical Society and did not profess Christianity. So, C.S. Lewis had this imputed into his thinking as well as his medieval studies, which abounded in pagan ideas and superstition.
When Lewis has Bree say, "All Narnians swear by him" an interesting point comes to light. All Christians do not swear by Christ or God. In fact, Christians that are trying to ...live godly in Christ Jesus... (2Timothy 3:12 ) know that this is totally unacceptable for a Christian! Titus 2:12 Teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world; On the other hand, all sun worshippers do swear by the sun! Mr. Lewis has condemned himself by his own words! Matthew 12:37 For by thy words thou shalt be justified, and by thy words thou shalt be condemned.
by Mary Van Nattan
(1) Light on C. S. Lewis; written by various of his friends and edited by Jocelyn Gibb; p. 63.
(2) Essays Presented to Charles Williams; edited by C. S. Lewis. From the preface.
This photo of Lewis' sitting room sports a large painting of Ganymede and Jupiter and is reportedly the original "Eagle and Child" pub sign. It bears the name "Ind Coope," an old brewing company in Britain. The connection of this picture - a homosexual, pedophiliac myth - is utterly revolting for a so-called Christian's favorite "hang out." With Lewis' knowledge of mythology it's vitually impossible that he "didn't know" what it was. 1Thess. 5:22 Abstain from all appearance of evil.
LETTER FROM A READER-- Sept. 16, 2000
I was browsing thru your site after my previous e-mail and came across this in your section on C.S. Lewis: One of Lewis' favorite pubs, "The Eagle and Child," familiarly known as "The Bird and Baby."
This inn-sign is actually a representation of the pagan god Zeus/Jupiter in the form of an eagle carrying off a boy called Ganymede to Olympus to serve as a sexual plaything. I don't know whether that was why Lewis was attracted to it, but it can hardly be coincidental that such a foul and disgusting image should be associated with a pub frequented by such a person as Lewis.
(See www.ecsel.psu.edu/~rreynold/Ganymede.htm for confirmation.)
Bless you, Hugh Anka
photo can be seen at:
http://tabletalk.typepad.com/photos/lewis_pics/pict0100.html (This site indicates it was purchased by Walter Hooper, one of Lewis' biographers. Whether it was given to Lewis before his death was not clear.)
"HERMETIC IMAGINATION: THE EFFECT OF THE GOLDEN DAWN ON FANTASY LITERATURE"; Charles
A. Coulombe; http://www.thinline.com/~ccoulomb/hermetic.html
(4) From Portico - The British Library's Online Information Server; http://portico.bl.uk/exhibitions/mythical/grail.html
(5) "The Mysteries of Rennes-le-Chateau and the Prieure du Sion"; by Steve Mizrach; http://www.clas.ufl.edu/users/seeker1/fortpages/rennes-sion.html
(6) See sites on Pevensey: Ancient Roman Fortification, Wikipedia article, photos and more photos.
Some information for this article was obtained from a documented paper written by an unknown author. We wish that we could give the proper credit, but the Lord knows who they are will reward them properly on that day!
LETTER FROM A READER:
Dear Mary and Steve,
Thank you for the posting about C.S. Lewis and Narnia.
I had believed what others had said "the allegory, analogy" etc. and had several British made videos of Narnia stories.
I had no idea where the root of these ideas were coming from and didn't know what they really were. I just assumed that they were good because they were "artsy and creative"
I think that they left out the Bacchanalia in the movie. Probably sanitized somewhat.
When I first saw your site, I don't remember if it was one or two years ago, I just dumped all the CSL stuff in the garbage. Obvious to me that that stuff was not good.
There is an important lesson from all of this. With any thing we have to not Jump on a Bandwagon, before we evaluate and examine who is playing in the Band, or where the Wagon is going.
There is another ministry covering this lately (Berit Kjos) at www.crossroad.to
Many assume that the battle is between Good and Evil in the stories, but isn't it between some new leaders that are mean and some old leaders from the "old Days" of former "false glory" or - both sides of the tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil that was in the Garden of Eden.
Maybe this is a diversion created to entice people into a different mindset so that they won't take God's Word seriously.
I had the Mere Christianity in the house and threw that away too. Never read it carefully. Didn't notice that it advocated syncretism. Or "whatever works for whoever" philosophy. When pointed out it was clear as day.